Henan provincial capital, getting bigger and bigger! | Earth Knowledge Bureau

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No.2491-Henan Province will become larger

Text: Zheng Zimeng

School draft: Gu Hanyi / Editor: Guoguo

Henan, among the heavens and earth, the heaven of Kyushu, one of the birthplaces of the Chinese civilization,Write an important chapter in Chinese history

In the long river of history, the administrative center of Henan region was mainly Luoyang and Kaifeng successively settled in the village. Two no controversial ancient capitals, each leading the coquettish. This situation was not broken until modern times. Break the situation, yesZhengzhou, which is sandwiched between Luo Luo

Early early ancient history

Zhengzhou area is also a big civilization center ▼

In August 1952, Henan submitted the decision -making layer of the provincial capital relocation. The report wrote: “Given that the capital of Henan Province is in Kaifeng City, the location is biased in the east of the province, and it is inconvenient to guide the work of the province;Zhengzhou City is the Central Plains Transportation Hub. It is the provincial economic center.If the provincial capital moves to the city, it is convenient for the work guidance of the whole province and the connection between up and down, and it is also beneficial to the city’s development … “

Zhengzhou is based on this Dongfeng, relying ongeographyLocationandpolicyThe advantages are getting bigger and bigger.

Zhengzhou, the rising star on the Central Plains land

(Figure: One picture network) ▼

The “West Suburb” and “Administrative Region” brought by the provincial capital

Since 3600, since the Shang Dynasty, Zhengzhou’s city site has been surrounded by the walls of the Shang Dynasty. After the fire and fire of all generations of various generations, although the city walls have been repaired,The core location of Zhengzhou’s main cityBut never changed.

Zhengzhou Mall site

It is also Zhengzhou’s historical business card since the millennium

(Bottom: Google Maps) ▼

In 1904, the Zhengzhou Station of the Luhan Railway was built outside the west gate of the old city. Two years later, the line was completed and opened to traffic. From this starting,The opening of the commercial port and the start of modern industryThe railway pulled the development of Zhengzhou into the fast track.

The Luhan Railway was renamed the Jinghan Railway after the official opening of the traffic

During the period of entering the Republic of China, it was renamed Pinghan Railway

Today is the predecessor of the Jinghan section of the Beijing -Guangzhou Railway ▼

Correct a mistake: Zhengzhou is not a city where the train is pulling

Before there was a train, Zhengzhou had already had a city. Why did you talk about it?

The situation in Zhengzhou is completely different from Shijiazhuang, Bengbu, Yingtan, etc.

It can be said that Zhengzhou was pulled by the railwayprovincial capital

(Zhengzhou Railway Station in 1923, picture: wiki) ▼

And Zhengzhou City againGreatly expandIt started before and after the “provincial capital movement” in the 1950s.

On October 30, 1954, Henan Provincial Capital officially moved from Kaifeng to Zhengzhou. At the same time that Zhengzhou was promoted to the provincial capital, it also becameOne of the fifteen key construction cities in China, Industrial construction has risen rapidly.

As early as the early 1950s, Soviet experts designed a set of urban planning for Zhengzhou:TRAIN STATIONFor the door, toRenmin RoadAs the middle axisNortheastdevelop. This plan was put into practice at the time.

In the 1950s, Renmin Road and Erqi Square ▼

However, the Chinese are used to the chessboard -style cities, and urban design must respect the historical and cultural traditions, the living habits and climate geographical conditions of the people, and the oblique road network proposed by Soviet experts suggest conflict with this.

Moscow Map in 1935

The planning map of Soviet experts looks beautiful

But in fact, the streets must be oblique

(Figure: wiki)

At that time, the main administrations of Henan and Zhengzhou discovered this problem in time, and made great benefits. Finally, the Zhengzhou construction plan was modified.Focus on industry and transportationProvincial capital cities.

The General Map of Zhengzhou City in 1955

Develop towards the east and west sides with the railway station as the center

(Figure: Wang Huaimin) ▼

Considering the conditions of geology and climate, the Beijing -Guangzhou Railway is good in western soil and low groundwater level. It is suitable for building large buildings.To westMainly.

Since 1953, the field of the west side of the Beijing -Guangzhou Railway has begunLarge -scale industrial infrastructureEssence Large -scale backbone state -owned enterprises such as the five major cotton spinning factories, Ersha, Zheng coal machines, cable factories, and aquatic industries have sprung up like rain.

Give up and happy to work, go home peacefully, go home

(Workers’ map of the Guiman No. 1 Factory: Zhang Yifei) ▼

Outside of industrial enterprises, there are also municipal agencies, science and education, education, cultural and health, etc.InstitutionEssence The Zhengzhou Municipal Government moved westward from the former site of the Old Township, and Zhengzhou University also started to build a school here.

Old Zhengzhou people manage the municipal building called “Seven Floor Buildings”

It was the highest building in Zhengzhou at that time

(Figure in the early 1980s: Liu Yuping) ▼

For the current Lao Zhengzhou people, it is preferred to call it the “western suburbs” of the New Town of the Western Regent. BelowIndustrial ecologyIt reflects the life of the government and the factory of the factoryWell -being, And the migrant population and local residentsExchanges

In 1982, the citizens rode a bicycle through the underground road of Zhongyuan Road to work in the west suburbs ▼

Today’s Guomian Third Factory Community and Family Institute

Keep the precious memories of an old Zhengzhou people

(Bottom: Google Maps) ▼

The “provincial capital” brings Zhengzhou, and naturally the urban function of the provincial administrative and cultural center is indispensable. At the same time that the new city of the west is booming, on the north side of the old city of Zhengzhou, planning and constructionProvincial Administrative RegionandCultural and educational area

“Significance of the Master Planning of Zhengzhou City” from 1982 to 1984

(Figure: Wang Huaimin) ▼

The provincial party committee, provincial government, and various departments and bureaus are distributed on both sides of Jinshui Avenue, and the Yellow River Water Conservancy Committee also beganOffice in ZhengzhouEssence Supporting provincial science and education, culture, health and other public institutions, alsoMove from Kaifeng to Zhengzhou

Lao Zhengzhou was used to calling Jingwei Road as “administrative division”. The newly added “Western Suburb” and “Administrative Region” are the modern and contemporary ZhengzhouThe first big expansion

Zhengzhou’s satellite map in the 1970s

This city as a provincial capital has begun to take shape

(Figure: usgs) ▼

A dense and prosperous French sycamore on the latitude road

Make Zhengzhou’s impression of “Greentown” in the hearts of many people

(Bottom: Google Maps) ▼

From High -tech Zone to Airport Area

As far as the process of modern and contemporary urbanization in China is concerned, the extension of the urban framework has gradually relying on the construction of the new district in addition to the gradually extending to the edge of the ring line.

1988,Zhengzhou High -tech Industrial Development ZoneStart the preparation.

Zhengzhou High -tech Industrial Development Zone

It is the first development zone in Henan Province

(Figure: Propaganda Department of High -tech District Party Committee) ▼

In March 1991, including Zhengzhou High -tech Zone26 national high -tech zonesApproval.

Zhengzhou High -tech Zone is located in the northwest of Zhengzhou. At that time, from the map, it was more like a piece outside the third ring.enclave

From 1995 to 2010

(Figure: Wang Huaimin) ▼

In a batchThe resident of high -tech enterprises, Inject new impetus into the development of Zhengzhou’s economy. After 2000, Zhengzhou University and the PLA Information Engineering UniversityNew CampusThe completion and investment brings people flow and vitality to the high -tech zone.

As the first batch of national high -tech zones

Zhengzhou High -tech Zone has become a high -tech industry highland in the Central China

(State University Science Park Picture: Tuwa Creative) ▼

Another flying place is located in the Economic Development Zone in the southeast of the old city. In April 1993, Zhengzhou planned and constructed the Economic and Technological Development Zone (national level approved in February 2000). At the same time, sitting at the national high -tech zone and the economic development zone, alsoDevelopment Zone of Big City with Chinese CharacteristicsStandard configuration of construction.

Zhengzhou Economic Development Zone ▼

Central Plains Futa, landmark building in Zhengzhou Economic Development Zone

(Figure: Tuwa Creative) ▼

Now that the new district of Zhengzhou is mentioned, the most loud name is the “Zhengdong New District”.

At the beginning of the century, Zhengzhou began to lay out a new strategy. In June 2000, Henan proposed to accelerate the development of Zhengdong New District. In August 2001, Zhengdong New District began to solicit plans. At the annual meeting of the World Architects Alliance in December 2002, the concept planning of the Zhengdong New District of Kurawa Board won the first “Urban Planning and Design Outstanding Award” in China.

Kurokawa Journal in front of the design drawings of Zhengdong New District

(Figure: Ding Youming) ▼

Zhengdong New District and Planning Sedication

(Bottom: Google Maps) ▼

The ring -shaped road network, the belt -shaped canal and the finishing touch of the artificial lake made Zhengzhou refreshed. fromDragon the framework of the city and enhance the quality of the cityIn the case of, Zhengdong New District is undoubtedly successful. This success is also close to the old city, which can complement the functions of the old city, organically combine, and integrate.

The newly completed Zhengdong New District is quite modern

In the distance is the iconic “corn building”

Horizontal screenWatch, Figure: Tuwa Creative) ▼

Zhengzhou’s latest new district is the airport area. On March 7, 2013, the Zhengzhou Airport Economic Comprehensive Experimental Zone was established with a planned area of 415 square kilometers and a planned population of 2.6 million.

The airport area is the first national airport economic comprehensive experimental area

Located in Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, and Xuchang Triangle, the center of gravity area

In

(Bottom: Google Maps) ▼

Zhengzhou Airport Port District is not low, yesPositive Hall -level Unit, Higher than other new district levels in Zhengzhou;The positioning is not lowTo build an international aviation logistics center, lead the aviation economy as a leadModern industrial base, Inland ChinaImportant ports to the outside world, Modern Aviation City, ChinaCentral Plains Economic Zone core growth pole

Zhengzhou attaches great importance to the development plan of the airport area

Interested in making the future central city into a pattern of “main urban area+airport area”

(Xinzheng Airport Map in the port area: Tuwa Creative) ▼

Some people have asserted that Zhengzhou and Port Districts are not the main and deputy, but dual -core. The future of Zhengzhou and Henan are in the airport area. But to this day, except for Foxconn, there are no other well -known industries and brands in the airport area.

Foxconn in the Airport Park

Next to Xinzheng International Airport

(Bottom: Google Maps) ▼

In the future Zhengzhou, it needs more?

Observing the expansion of the urban area, there is still a dimension, that isThe development of urban ring circuitEssence From the development of Zhengzhou Ring Road, it can also be seen that the city is constantly changing.

In the 1950s, the areas consisting of Jinshui Road, University Road, Longhai Road, and Chengdong Road became the most prosperous area at that time, and this circle was also used by many old Zhengzhou people.

The turntable before the construction

At the time, it was very prosperous

(Figure: Wang Song) ▼

It is worth mentioning that the “Three -Year Action Plan for Organic Update in the Inner Ring area of Zhengzhou City” released in September 2014, the south of Jinshui Road, east of university roads, north of Longhai Road, and west of Chengdong Road, west of Jinshi Road, and west of Chengdong Road.12 square kilometers positioned as Zhengzhou Nei Ring area, “Zhengzhou One Ring” was officially identified.

It can be found that Erqi Plaza happens to be in the center of the first ring

(Bottom: Google Maps) ▼

In 2004, the two -ring opening of Agricultural Road, Tongbai Road, Navigation Road, and Future Road. In 2009, the opening of the Express Bus Ring Road B1 connected this line.

In April 2014, the full 45 kilometers of the Third Ring Ring Fasting Project was completed and opened to traffic.

Zhengzhou City, with the outward expansion of the ring line, gradually grows up

(Bottom: Google Maps) ▼

Zhongzhou Avenue North Third Ring Road Interchange Bridge

Night in the middle of the car coming to the car

(Figure: Tuwa Creative) ▼

In June 2020, the main line of the Fourth Ring Road of Zhengzhou City was completed, with a total length of about 93 kilometers.

In contrast, the mileage of Beijing Fourth Ring and Fifth Ring Road is 65.3 kilometers and 98.58 kilometers, respectively, Zhengzhou, a 93 -kilometer four -ring road and Beijing Fifth Ring RoadMileage

In fact, Zhengzhou’s second and third ring mileage

It is also similar to Beijing’s second and third ring mileage ▼

According to media reports, the three highways east of the 107th National Highway on the east side of Zhengzhou, the 232 provincial highway on the west, the provincial highway 312 in the north, and the National Highway 310 after the south will be formed.

Planning of Zhengzhou Fifth Ring Road

Ah five rings, you are one more ring than the four rings ▼

According to information on the official website of the Zhengzhou Statistics Bureau, as of the end of 2020, the area of the establishment area of Zhengzhou City reached836.2 square kilometersEssence This data was 65, 133.2, and 342.7 square kilometers in 1981, 2000, and 2010, respectively.

Since the millennium, Zhengzhou’s urban construction has developed very fast ▼

Dick diagram of the urban construction area of the central urban area of Zhengzhou in 2021

(Figure: Notice on the size of Zhengzhou’s urban completion area in 2021) ▼

In other words, after the reform and opening up, Zhengzhou’s construction area areaThe first twenty years turned overSince thenThere are more about it every ten yearsEssence This expansion speed is also among the top nationwide.

However, compared with the surrounding provincial capital cities, or from other perspectives, Zhengzhou is obviously not big enough.

Since September 1, 1983, Gongxian (now Gongyi), Xinzheng, Mi County (now Xinmi), Dengfeng, and Zhongmu 5 counties were placed in Zhengzhou City, Zhengzhou CityThere have been nearly 40 yearsNo change. Within the area of Zhengzhou CityNumberIn the case, the pattern of administrative districts in the 6 districts and 1 county and the 5 cities in charge of the city has also been maintained.For nearly 30 years

5 county officially belongs to Zheng

The scope of Zhengzhou only includes urban areas and Liyang

(Figure: Map of the County Branch County in Henan Province in 1982) ▼

In March 2022, after the establishment of Li Township and Malaysia Township in Weiji County, Kaifeng City was transferred to Xinzheng City, Zhengzhou City, it was managed by Zhengzhou Airport District. After nearly 40 years, the scope of the Zhengzhou Administrative Region finallyexpand

In July 2022, the Camp Town (excluding Xinwei Industrial Park) of Weishi County, Kaifeng City (excluding Xinwei Industrial Park) and Puchuan Town (excluding Henan Weishi Third Senior Middle School, the Siichuan Campus) commissioned Zhengzhou Aviation Port District to manage. The real management scope of Zhengzhou’s functional area is also furtherexpand

Add the new development function zone mentioned above

Zhengzhou’s today’s functional area is shown in the figure ▼

In recent years, the policy of “withdrawing the county” has been tightened, and the adjustment of the large -scale administrative districts of Zhengzhou stillno progress

Xi’an and Chengdu, which are also provincial capitals, have already brought the “withdrawal of counties and districts” to the extreme. Wuhan even realized the full -scale districts as early as 1998; Laiwu, further strengthen the provincial capital.

Wuhan is the earliest city to achieve “county -free” cities

Since 1998, the administrative division in Wuhan has been remained unchanged ▼

Although the prefecture -level city is not bigger and stronger, the city area and urban area will undoubtedThe development of a city, market hinterland, statistical data and policy supportFor example, urban scale hierarchy.

According to the “Notice on Adjusting the Division of Urban scale in November 2014”, the permanent population in the urban areaMore than 10 millionThe city is a large city, and the resident population in the urban area5 million or less less than 10 millionThe city is a mega city.

According to this standard

Zhengzhou barely entered the ranks of mega cities ▼

According to Qipu data, Zhengzhou City Population534 million, For the Great Cities; in the opposite of Xi’an, the population of the urban area9.28 million, Close to oversized cities. However, in fact, Zhengzhou Qipu statistics have a permanent population of 12.6 million, and the urban population accounts for only 42.4%. This is obviously related to urban area and statistical caliber.

“Big Zhengzhou” is big, from multiple aspects

(Night, Zhongdehua Street, bustling picture: Tuwa Creative) ▼

BeTypical samples of urbanization development in ChinaZhengzhou has gone through every stage, starting from modern times to planning development, gradual expansion in reform and opening up, and market exploration to the construction of new districts in the new century. Zhengzhou is a witness of each era.

Look from the Erqi Tower to the “Corn Tower”

Zhengzhou is also looking at the future from the past

(Figure: Tuwa Creative) ▼

On the other hand, “Qiancheng“And the real estate -oriented directionCity -making movementYou can also find a footnote in Zhengzhou.

With both the population growth and incremental inflection point, economic development is facing transformation, and China’s urbanization road is also standing at the new crossroads.Where does Zhengzhou go?Will it continue to become bigger? The answer can only be given to time, wait and see.

Reference materials:

1. Xie Xiaopeng. In 1954, Henan Provincial Examination was moved by Zheng Qian Zheng [J]. Contemporary Chinese history research, 2011 (6): 39-45.

2. Zhengzhou City Statistics Bureau has built urban construction in the past years https://tjj.zhengzhou.gov.cn/ndsj/3093093.jhtml

*The content of this article is provided by the author, which does not represent the position of the Earth Intellectual Bureau

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