Li Shizhen said that it was a valuable Chinese medicinal material for Biyi Pharmaceutical (“Compendium of Materia Medica”). In my country, it has more than 2,000 years of medicinal and consumption history.
“Shennong Materia Medica” (currently known as the earliest record of Gastrodia) records:
Red arrows, flavor, warm. The main killing ghost, the essence of the poisonous and evil qi. For a long time, nourish qi power, long yin and fat, and we will increase for a year. A leaving mother, a governor of the ghost. Sichuangu.
The “red arrow” is Gastrodia.
The well -made Chinese medicine gastrodia
The names of “red arrows” and “gastrodia” are because of their unique forms and living characteristics.
As a plant, Gastrodia does not have the characteristics of Volkswagen plants.
There is only one “pole” that is inserted into the soil brown or brown -red “pole” above the ground part of the Gastrodiac. Without green leaves, you cannot perform photosynthesis;
The underground part is only a tuber like anesthesia but no root, and nutrients cannot be absorbed from the soil.
There are no leaves on the gastrodia, no roots in the ground, and the ancients who are unknown see it as if they are born with treasures, raising the earth, and the names of “red arrows” and “Gastrodia”.
Gastrodia (source: Kunming Branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Gastrodia “Born” secrets
Gastrodia, Lanke Sky Mahuma belongs to perennial plants, and oval -shaped rhizomes are thick. Generally, the height of the plant is between 30 and 100 cm. , Light yellow or blue -green flowers, conjugate, contains seeds, can be sexually reproduced through seeds or asexual reproduction.
As we all know, most of the plants in nature are self -cultivated creatures. The crops in the fields, trees in the mountains, grass on the roadside, and flowers in the basin rely on the soil to absorb water and inorganic salts from the soil. The nutrients needed to synthesize the growth of their own growth, and the self -sufficient life has a gorgeous life.
But there is no Gastrodiac, so it is no wonder that the ancients felt that Gastrodia could not perform photosynthetic effects and no root plants were from heaven.
The magic comes from unknown. In fact, there is a niche type in the plant circle -heterotic plant, and Gastrodia is one of them.
Fresh hemp tuber (product hemp)
There is something different. Although Gastrodia has been used for more than 2,000 years, it is a question that Gastrodia has been solved for nearly a century.
The growth of Gastrodia is inseparable from a fungus -honey rings.
Honey rings are widely distributed in our country. In nature, the mycelium absorbs the nutrients of other plants as a living in nature. Gastrodia grows “supporters”.
There is a special enzyme in the cells of Gastrodia that can “digest” the honey rings that can drill into its own stems, so as to obtain the various nutrients required for growth (a little more, non -traditional between Gastrodia and Honey Rings Symbiosis in sense).
Perhaps many friends of “Honey Rings” do not know what it is, but in fact it is also a kind of fungi common in our daily life. Its sub -entity is the famous hazel mushrooms, and the northeast famous chicken chick stew mushrooms use it.
Wild resources are almost dug, and artificial cultivation has gone through suffering
Although scientists discovered the relationship between the honey ring and Gastrodia more than a hundred years ago, the entire process of the history of Gastrodia Life has not been able to achieve artificial cultivation for a long time.
This caused almost all of the gastrodiacs in the market before the 1970s.
In fact, this valuable medicinal material that we have used for more than 2,000 years has been widely distributed in my country in the early years. It can be seen in the mountains from north to Heiji Liaoning to Yunnanchuan.
However, with the increase in market demand, the prices of Gastrodia in the 1960s and 1970s began to rise significantly. The number of gastrodia wild populations has declined sharply. In the early 1970s, it was almost dug, and there was no stock to buy in the market.
At the end of the 1950s, before the wild gastrodia was excessively excavated, Chinese agricultural staff realized the huge economic potential of Gastrodia artificially cultivated, but because of technological difficulties, it was not until the mid -1960s that the first time the wild honey rings were used for the first time for the first time Achieve artificial cultivation of Gastrodia.
In the mid -to -late 1970s, after the technical maturity, the artificial cultivation of Gastrodiacs began to rise. Shaanxi, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan and other places achieved large -scale planting. At that time, farmers who were engaged in Gastrodia cultivated farmers benefited well.
However, due to artificial cultivation of Gastrodiacs adopt asexual reproduction method, the problem of degenerating variety in Gastrodia has a serious decline in the quality of Gastrodia.
In order to solve the problem, in the mid -1970s, Chinese agricultural personnel studied the sexual reproduction of Gastrodiac, but they ended up with failure.
However, scientific researchers have found that although the growth and development of Gastrodiac derives depends on the support of honey cycling, it has a suppressing effect on seed cute and simply sowing Gastrodia seeds. The seeds will not germinate.
In the end, scientific researchers found another type of fungi that promoted Gastrodia seeds to the germination of Gastrodia seeds, a small mushrooms that were fungal.
With the deepening of the research, in the middle and late 1980s, the fine mushrooms of the mushrooms were found to be the germination rate of Gastrodia seeds, and finally the Gastrodia seeds were solved.
With the increasing maturity of Gastrodia planting technology, the scale and scope of my country’s Gastrodia planting have expanded rapidly. At present, Gastrodia, such as Changbai Mountain, Dabie Mountain, Yichang, Hubei, Hanzhong, Shaanxi, and Zhaotong, Yunnan has been planted to form an industry. And the needs of the international market.
Wild must not be excavated, and artificial cultivation is not bad
After increasing the scale of the large -scale Gastrodiac, the hype of some merchants plus a lot of domestic consumers with wild and authentic domestic consumers. After entering the 21st century, the price of wild gastrodia rose again.
The high interests also once again caught the wild gastrodic crisis, and the wild resources were severely damaged.
Under the previous mention, the Wild Gastrodia has currently been rated as a critical species by the World Nature Protection Alliance, and it is also included in my country’s “National Key Protection Wild Plants List”, listed as a second -level protection plant.
Nowadays, wild gastrodia has been listed as a second -level protective plant. It is noted that the excavation of national key protection plants is required. It is suspected of constituing the crime of harmful national protection plants, and the consequences are very serious.
Therefore, friends in the Wild Gastrodia distributed area have been on the road of illegal crimes.
In addition, there is no destruction without buying or selling. The focus is on the persuasion of friends who are obsessed with wild gastrodia.
First of all, in the current situation, the so -called “wild gastrodia” in the market is likely to be fake. It is not lost to buy a large price. In addition, even if you buy it, you remember to acquire national key protection plants.
Secondly, we must believe that the composition and efficacy of artificially planted Gastrodia and Wild Gastrodia are basically the same.
On the one hand, the growth of artificial cultivation and wild gastrodia has always been. It is known that wild gastrodia grows longer is a rumor (the wild gastrodia that has a long -lasting long -term long -term is actually the reason why the environment is not suitable).
On the other hand, the supply of nutrients with artificial planting and wild gastrodiac is consistent with the supply of seeds. Seeds are germinated by mushrooms, and the nutrient supply depends on honey rings. Under bionic cultivation, it basically meets the needs of consumer “obsession”. It is not necessary to be wild.
Another point is that only the wild gastrodia that grows above the ground will be discovered, and the nutrition consumed by Gastrodia that grows from reproductive growth comes from Gastrodiac (product hemp). We use Gastrodiac blocks. Gastrodia is not as good as artificial gastrodia.
In a word, the artificially cultivated Gastrodiac is not bad. Moreover, the current artificial cultivation is not cheap, so it is good to eat artificially.
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